This condition is characterised by an accumulation or expansion of excess fluid volume in the inner ear. The inner ear fluid is called endolymph.
The cause is uncertain but the condition might present suddenly or gradually with hearing loss, dizziness or tinnitus, either in isolation or in combination. A special variety where all 3 occur in a definite sequence is called Ménière’s disease; therefore all endolymphatic hydrops cannot be labelled as Ménière’s disease.
The spells with hearing loss, dizziness and hearing loss are typically intermittent to begin with, later settling down as a more permanent condition. Medicines greatly help in the active phase and any hearing loss or balance problems can be treated with customised rehabilitation.